Jamun is an evergreen tree whose full-grown plant is 25 to 30 feet high. Once its plant is planted, it yields 50 to 60 years. Jamun is also known as Jamali, Rajman, Blackberry, and Kala Jamun. Its entire tree is used, but its fruits are more likely to be eaten. Apart from eating, berries are used to make various things like jellies, sherbet, jams, wine, and other things. Moreover, for completing farming tasks many implements are used and preet harvester is one of them.
Initially, its fruit is black, with anus of dark red. Due to the acidic properties of the fruit of Jamun, it is astringent in taste. By consuming its fruits, there are benefits for anaemia, diabetes, teeth and stomach-related problems.
Jamun can be cultivated in any fertile soil. But the land with proper drainage is considered suitable for the production of Jamun. Plants are not grown in the rugged and sandy ground in their cultivation. P.H. of the land in the cultivation of Jamun.
Jamun plant is of temperate and tropical climate. Apart from the cold regions, Jamun plants can be grown anywhere. There is no significant effect of heat, cold and rain on its developed tree. But the frost that falls in winter is more harmful to the plants. The fruits on its plant ripen well in the rainy season, and rain is not needed during flowering.
The complete grown plant of Jamun gives a yield of 50 years. For this, the field is prepared well before planting the seedlings in the area. For this, first of all, the remains of the old crop are destroyed by deep ploughing of the field. After ploughing the field, apply water to it and pelt it. After a few days of pulverisation, a rotavator is used to break the earthen lumps in the area and make them crispy. In this friable soil, the field is levelled by putting a pad.
After this, keeping a distance of 5 to 7 metres in the flat field, two feet deep and one-meter-wide diameter pits are prepared for transplanting the plants. In these pits, a proper amount of organic and chemical fertilisers must be mixed in the soil and fill in the holes. Then, in organic manure, 10 to 15 kg of old rotten cow dung is mixed well in the ground and filled in the pits. After adding manure to the holes, they are intensely irrigated.
Apart from this, the plants were initially given chemical fertilisers. P.K. The amount of 100 GM has to be sprayed on the plants thrice a year, and 50 to 60 doses must be given to the fully grown plant four times a year.
Transplantation of Jamun plants is done through seed and grafted seedlings. For this, farmers can prepare plants from a nursery source or buy plants from any government-registered nursery. Plants purchased from the nursery should be 3 to 4 months old and healthy. For transplanting in the form of seeds, one to two sources have to be planted at a depth of 5 cm in the prepared pits in the field. Before planting these seeds in the area, they must be treated, reducing the risk of disease in the roots.
Apart from this, if you want to plant seedlings through seedlings, you have to make a small pit and grow the plants in the prepared holes in the field. Then, after planting the plants in the pits, cover them well with soil.
The favourable temperature for transplanting plants is considered to be the rainy season. Apart from this, if you have sowed through seed, you must plant the bases before the rainy season. During this, the sowing of sources can be done from February to the end of March.
Jamun plants require more irrigation in the beginning. During this, the first irrigation of plants is done immediately after transplanting. In the summer season, the watering of Jamun plants is to be done once a week, and in the winter season, water should be given at an interval of 15 days. Initially, its plants must be protected from falling frost in winter, and the plants need very little water during the rainy season. Complete-grown plants require 5 to 6 irrigations in a year.
For weed control in the crop Jamun, a natural method of weeding is used. In the Jamun crop, the first weeding is done 18 to 20 days after transplanting. Its plants require only 7 to 8 hoeing in the initial year.
It takes 8 spots of rain for Jamun plants to produce. After one and a half months of flowering on its plants, fruits start coming. When the fruits on its plants have started appearing purple and black, they should be harvested during that time. Harvesting of Jamun fruits is done daily. After plucking the fruits, wash them with water and clean them. After this, keep them in a mesh basket. During this time, if any fruit appears terrible, it should be separated.
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