The Malabar neem tree is a plant belonging to the cashew family. Most of this variety is produced in Australia and grown in SouthEast Asia of India. It is an agroforestry species plant in whose cultivation many other crops can also be sown. Along with the cultivation of Malabar, the farmer brothers also successfully cultivate turmeric, ground nuts, sugarcane, chilli, papaya, black gram and melon. Its plant grows up to 40 feet in 2 years, due to which it is also called a fast-growing tree. The farmers of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Kerala states of India have also started growing Malabar neem trees.
Malabar Neem Farming in India
It is used as cheap timber. In irrigated areas, its trees can be grown and harvested in 5 years and can also be used to make ply. This is such a tree which can be grown in any soil or even in less irrigated places. Because of this, farmer brothers are taking steps to cultivate Malabar Neem. If you also want to produce Malabar Neem, then in this article, you are being given information about how to do Malabar Neem Farming (Malabar Neem Farming in Hindi) and the cost of Malabar Neem tree, etc.
Required Land And Climate
Malabar plants do not require any special type of soil to grow; they can be grown in any soil. Its plants develop properly in deep, fertile, sandy loam and shallow gravel. P.H. of the land in its cultivation. The value should also be average. March to April is considered the best month for planting Malabar neem seeds.
It is necessary to treat Malabar neem seeds before planting them in the field. For this, a slurry of cow dung is made, and the seeds are kept for a day. After treating the seeds, they are sown on the top of the nursery bed. After which, it takes 1 to 2 months for them to germinate and 6 months to complete the germination stage. During this, the plants have to be watered regularly.
The spacing of 8×8 metres is considered best for planting Malabar plants. Apart from this, they can also be planted at a distance of 5×5 metres. For the rapid growth of plants, there should be a complete arrangement of water. To maintain moisture in the Malabar neem field, water must be given, and fertilizer must be given once in three months. In the event of excess rain, the growth rate slows down.
Malabar plants require moderate irrigation. For this, the plants have to be watered at an interval of 2 weeks. If it is the rainy season, water the plants only when needed.
For Malabar neem cultivation, plough the land to make it level and friable and then dig the pits. After digging the pit, transplant the prepared plants into the nursery.
Manure And Chemical Fertilizer
For good growth of Malabar neem, cow dung manure or vermicompost can be used. Moreover, we can use a mini tractor for effective distribution of manure.
To prevent weeds, do weeding and keep the field clean. In addition, cultivation helps in airflow and good root development. And if the plants are planted in the field at a distance of 9×9, another crop can be planted in the vacant space in between, which can also fulfil the requirement of weed control and water for the plants.
Neem Tree Uses
The Malabars use neem trees to make a variety of things. Its wood is used to make various types of furniture, packing boxes and cricket sticks.
This wood is used more in the plywood industry and for making agricultural-related tools, nuts, pencils and packing boxes. As a result, Termite disease is rarely seen on this wood.
Neem Yield And Benefits
Malabar neem trees take 6 to 8 years to mature. Due to this, farmer brothers can earn lakhs in a few years. About 5000 trees can be planted on four acres of land. Apart from this, up to 2 thousand trees can also be planted on the outer edges. Its trees are ready for harvesting in 6 to 8 years. Farmer brothers can earn up to 50 lakhs in 8 years by planting Malabar Neem plants on 4 acres of land.
In this way, we have described how to cultivate malabar neem and its benefits. Malabar neem farming is beneficial to those farmers, who want to generate higher income with less investment.
Malabar Neemis a very profitable crop for Indian farmers Heart. Therefore, we are creating awareness about such types of agriculture practices. So, every Indian farmer can efficiently grow crops. Moreover, if you want to know more about profitable farming and want to stay updated with farming machines and tractor price, stay tuned with us.